Small Palm Oil Refinery Plant
This refinery unit is batch refining. With similar function with large scale refinery, it is better than other kinds of combined machinery.
This unit can provide heat supply by thermal oil furnace. User only needs to prepare firewood, Alkali, phosphoric acid and clay. It is economical and easy to operate.
This unit do not need base foundation, can used indoor or outdoor.
2. Process chart
3. Main equipment
Neutralization pot: used in acid refining, alkali refining and washing;
Decolorization pot: used for bleaching;
Deodorization pot:Used to remove odor (stainless steel);
Thermal oil furnace: Provide heat energy for production, up to 280ºC;
Vacuum pump: Provide the vacuum degree required for decolorization and deodorization, up to 755mmHg;
Air compressor: Dry bleached clay and pressed out refined oil;
Filter: filter clay;
Steam generator: Generate steam for deodorization distillation.
4. Operation instruction
a. crude oil testing, confirm acid value and color, do sample tests in the laboratory if necessary;
b. Connect cooling water;
c. Prepare clay, industrial alkali and coal;
d. Power on;
e. Check vacuum pump, air compressor, filter, and heat transfer oil pump;
f. Dehydrate at about 98°C for 5 hours when replace heat transfer oil. High level tank can slowly warm up to 280°C if no water vapor overflows.
g. fill crude oil to production.
2) alkali refining operation
a. Low-temperature and concentrated alkali method: First, determine the alkali concentration by gross oil acid value, Adjust the oil temperature to 20-30°C,Then add 20-30Be lye in 5-10 minutes, and stirring for 20-60 minutes at 60 rpm. Then observe the soap particles after reaction, when soap formation separates, begin to slowly warms up for 1ºC per minute. When the temperature reaches 60°C, stop stirring and the stationary phase causes the soap particles to settle,usually it takes 6-8 hoursto release soap.
b. High temperature and light alkali method: First, determine the alkali concentration by gross oil acid value, calculate the amount of alkali and water. When the acid value is less than 5, add 23 kg water for a unit acid value per ton oil; when the acid value is more than 5, added water no more than 12% oil weight, extra added alkali only about 0.55-0.22% oil weight.
|Crude oil acid value||<3||3-5||5-7||7-0||>10|
3) production process
a. Ignite thermal oil furnace,control thermal oil temperature at 98ºC,turn on the vacuum pump for preparation;
b. Pump crude oil into the refining pot, control oil temperature at 20-30ºC,after determine the acid value in general laboratory, adopt low-alkali concentrated alkali method or high temperature and light alkali method for alkali refining.
c. After releasing soap particles, oil heats up to 90ºC, Then add hot water for washing and stirring. Water temperature should be 5-10ºC higher than oil temperature, emulsify will happen if water temperature is too low. After adding water, continue stirring for 5 minutes, then settle for about 4 hours, release soap water, repeat washing for 2-3 times according to the quality of cleaned oil. Washed oil can be directly feed in decolorization pot for vacuum drying, slowly increase the temperature to 105ºC, stirring and dehydration for 1 hour, drying should finish when no condensation can be seen on sight glass.
d. After drying, cool the oil to 90ºC in the decolorization pan, vacuum clay (2-4% oil weight) in a decolorization pot. Stir for 30 minutes and cool to 70°C, pressed the mixture into the filter by decolorization oil pump for oil and clay separation to get decolorized oil.
e. Vacuum decolorized oil into deodorization pump, vapor deodorization starts when the vacuum reaches 755mmHg or more
f. After deodorization, cooled to 40-80ºC, press oil from deodorization pot to cooler by air compressor, to 30-40ºC. Pack after sample test.
4). Main parameter
|TPD||Power consumption (kw/hour)||coal|
1. After changing heat transfer oil,the heat-conducting oil furnace must be kept at a temperature of about 90°C for more than 5 hours.
2. The use of heat energy must be reasonably distributed, when deodorizing, it must be ensured that the deodorant oil temperature is 240-260°C,other equipment mainly rely on valve adjustment.
3. After inspection and repair, graphite shim must be used for the heat-conducting line gaskets, and the valve must use high-temperature valves..
4. Before starting the heat-conducting oil furnace, the heat-conducting oil pump must be started,and the heat transfer oil pump must continue to run after the thermal oil furnace ceases. The heat transfer oil pump is not allowed to turn off until the temperature of the heat transfer oil drops below 100°C.
5. Ignition without heat-conducting oil are not allowed.
6. Ignition when heat transfer oil pump it is not running.
|Who we are?||Cereals & oils turnkey project - HUATAI|
Who we are?
We only do one thing for over 60 years.
Huatai Machinery, the full name is Henan Huatai Cereals and Oils Machinery Co., Ltd. Located in Hua County industry Zone of Henan Province. Covering an area of 150,000 sqm, with total investment RMB360 millions, has a modern standard plant and advanced processing equipment, is a research and development, design, manufacture, guidance, installation as one of the major cereals and oil machinery manufacturing enterprise.
We are one of the largest grain and oil machinery factories in China.
We are a professional to undertake the production of grain and oil equipment solutions manufacturers.
We are an industry and trade integrated enterprise.
We are one of the trustworthy enterprises in Henan Province.
Our predecessor is one of the earliest grain machine factory in China.
|What we do?||Cereals & oils turnkey project - HUATAI|
What we do?
Henan Huatai Cereals And Oils Machinery Co.,Ltd is committed to R&D of new efficient oil machines, manufacturing customer oriented oil machines, and leading the development direction of the world's most advanced grain processing machines and oil processing machines. We are reply on technology and innovation, constantly developing new type oil machines and equipment in order to achieve worlds advanced level.
Henan Huatai oil processing equipment sold in more than 30 provinces and cities in China and exported to the United States, Sweden, Japan, Korea, Bolivia, Sudan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Russia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand, Rwanda, Nigeria, more than 130 countries and regions.
We mainly produce grain and oil processing equipment;
We produce all kinds of edible oil equipment;
We produce Biodiesel oil equipment;
We produce essential oil equipment for cosmetics;
We produce protein processing machine;
We produce grain milling machine;
We provide EPC integral turnkey engineering services;
We provide grain and oil industrial plant design services;
We offer overseas installation services;
We provide overseas training services;
We provide pre-sales, after-sales service;
|Main Products||Cereals & oils turnkey project - HUATAI|
Huatai machinery has developed projects including large scale oilseed pretreatment and pressing, oil extraction, oil refining and oil fractionation production line project,conveyor equipment project,corn/maize flour, grits, germ milling machines and corn processing lines,biodiesel technology,cottonseed, rice bran and soybean protein technology, and Palm Oil processing lines,etc.
|Edible Oil Processing Equipment|
|Machine||Pretreatment Equipment, Extraction Machine, Refinery Machine|
|Soybean||Palm Fruit||Coconut||Corn Germ|
|Rice Bran||Sunflower||Cotton Seed||Rapeseed|
|Other edible oil seed: Peanut, Sesame, Castor, Pepper, Lemon, Grapeseed|
|Biodiesel Oil Processing Equipment|
|Animal fat||Waste vegetable oil||Seaweed||Other Biodiesel Oil|
|Essential Oil & Cosmetics oil Processing Equipment|
|Avocado oil||Moringa oil||Almond oil||Other Essential Oil|
|Cereals Milling Machine|
|Maize Milling Machine||Wheat Milling Machine||Other Cereals Milling Machine|
|Protein Treatment Machine/Engineering|
|Cotton seed protein||Soy protein isolate/ concentrate||Other protein Treatment|
|Animal Feed Machine|
|Chicken Feed, Cattle feed, Goat & sheep feed, Pig feed, Aquafeed and other animal feed|
|Feed Milling Machine||Feed mixer||Feed pellet machine|
|Why choose us?||Cereals & oils turnkey project - HUATAI|
Six reasons why you should choose Huatai.
1. Strenth Factory, speciallized in grains & oils for over 60 years
One of the most largest Cooking oils factory in China;
More than 100,000 square meters;
Over 580 professional employees;
8 Large-scale workshop, 120 production equipments;
Over 60 years experience in Grain & Oil industry;
2. Research and Development Center
27 national patents technical, have many published books;
High-tech enterprise Certificate of Henan Province;
Complete equipment major production enterprises in China;
Provide specific solutions to meet different requirements;
3. Strict quality control system
Stricted quality control, have passed ISO 9001, CE, CNAS;
With high level automation and higher productivity;
Have Special Equipment Manufacturing License;
Have many advanced quality testing auxiliary equipment;
Long service life and lower maintenance cost;
4. Dozens of certificates and honors
Won Gold Award of China Invention Exposition;
Excellent member of China Grain & Oil Association;
Won the Provincial trustworthy unit for many years;
China Top 10 Food and Oil Machinery Brand;
5. Rich experience of large overseas projects
Hundreds of successful overseas projects;
Rich experience in government bidding projects;
Products are exported to all over the world;
Large project experience, can undertake 3,000t/d projects;
6. Thoughtful & Considerate after-sale Service
Overseas Installation Services & Staff Training;
On-site technical service;
Large warehouse, stable supply of spare parts;
Stable and standardized after-sales service team;